ddrDDR has been widely advocated for decades as an essential component of post-conflict peacebuilding. But DDR in practice has generated more questions than answers. Does it work, contributing to post-conflict stabilization and the reintegration of former combatants? Can it work better? What constitutes success? What accounts for failure? Do potential risks outweigh the potential benefits?  Drawing on his extensive experience in the field, Desmond Molloy considers these questions and more as he traces the evolution of DDR theory and practice from the mid-1980s to the present.  Further, he projects its potential applications in the changing world with the evolving nature of conflict, particularly in addressing Islamic violent extremism.

“Molloy offers valuable insights in to the practical applications of DDR theory within the context of modern conflict and national and human security programme.”

– Dean Piedment, Countering Violent Extremism initiative.

Desmond Molloy is Senior Programme Director with The Nippon Foundation in Myanmar, where he focuses on the design and management of integrated peacebuilding programmes.


  • Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration
  • Foundation of the Theory
  • Evolution of the Practice
  • The Classic DDR Approach
  • Operationalizing Community Security Approaches
  • Theory meets Practice?
  • DDR in War
  • The UN Approach to Reintegration
  • Cross-Cutting Issues
  • The Dilemmas of Confronting Risk
  • The Next Generation

Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder, Colorado.

Due November 30, 2016/ca. 250 pages

ISBN: 978-1-62637-568-0   pb $26.50/£20.50.     A Kumarian Press Book